Fed: Don’t Prematurely End The Economic BoomGuest Post
FORECASTS & TRENDS E-LETTER
by Gary D. Halbert
September 11, 2018
- August Jobs Report Was a Pleasant Surprise… Except
- The Fed’s Ideal Plan For Normalizing Interest Rates
- Fed Might Accelerate Rate Hikes in 2019, Stall Economy
- Fed to Continue Hiking Rates Until Something Breaks
- Broadmark Funds Deliver Attractive, Consistent Returns
In light of last Friday’s better than expected jobs report for August, the odds are near 100% that the Fed will hike short-term interest rates by another 25 basis points at its next policy meeting near the end of this month. Odds are also high that there will be another 0.25% hike at the December Fed policy meeting. Until recently, it has been widely expected that the Fed will hike 2-3 more times in 2019, but that view may be changing.
Many Fed-watchers believe a majority of members on the Fed Open Market Committee would like to see the Fed Funds rate end-up about 2% higher than it is today (currently 1.75%-2.00%). As a result, many Fed-watchers are starting to worry that the Fed will accelerate its rate hikes next year and risk a slowdown in the economy. Some believe the Fed could hike rates 4-5 times in 2019, and that would be bad for the economy.
I think this assumption of 4-5 rate hikes or more next year is premature. Part of the reason is that no one, not even the Fed, knows when the next recession will arrive. Plus, President Trump has been critical of the Fed for raising rates, so I doubt the Fed would accelerate its pace of rate hikes for next year. I could be wrong, of course, so that’s what we’ll talk about today.
August Jobs Report Was a Pleasant Surprise… Except
Last Friday’s unemployment report for August was a pleasant surprise in that the economy created 201,000 new jobs last month, well above the pre-report consensus. The initial August jobs estimate has a history of coming in well below expectations, and then gets revised higher in subsequent months. This time, it was considerably better than expected.
On the wage front, the report was also better than expected. Wages rose by a faster-than-expected 2.9% (annual rate) for blue-collar and low-wage workers, the fastest pace in nine years. Meanwhile, on Thursday of last week, the government reported that jobless claims for unemployment benefits fell to 203,000 in August, the lowest level in 49 years.
Yet Friday’s jobs report was not a pleasant surprise if you are one of those who increasingly worry that the Fed will go too far in raising interest rates next year and choke off this booming economy. It’s happened plenty of times before as I’ll discuss below.
As a reminder, the Fed feels compelled to “normalize” (i.e. – raise) short-term interest rates to higher levels so as to be able to cut them once again whenever the next recession arrives. Keep that in mind as we go along today.
The Fed’s Ideal Plan For Normalizing Interest Rates
The next Fed Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting is on September 25-26 when the odds are near 100% that the members will vote to hike the Fed Funds rate from 1.75%-2.00% to 2.00%-2.25%. There continues to be high confidence the FOMC will hike by another 25 basis points at the last meeting of this year on December 18-19. And the Fed has suggested more rate hikes in 2019 and possibly 2020.
While the FOMC hasn’t said so specifically, most Fed-watchers believe a majority of members on the Committee wants to see the Fed Funds rate end-up about 2% higher than it is today (currently 1.75%-2.00%). If true, and I believe it probably is, that would put the Fed Funds rate range at 3.75%-4.00% in 2020.
The problem is, the Fed may not have until late 2020 to end its rate hiking cycle to get ready for the next recession. They hope they have that long but also know that the next recession could arrive well before their preferred normalization schedule plays out. Whenever the next recession arrives, the Fed will stop hiking interest rates.
Fed Might Increase Rate Hikes in 2019, Stall Economy
There is growing concern in the financial markets that the Fed might feel compelled to increase the number of rate hikes next year out of fear that a recession may begin to unfold in late 2019 or early 2020 – before they reach their Fund Funds rate target.
I have to say at this point that such fears are largely driven by the media which hates Trump and virtually promises that this economic boom will not last, and that the benefits from Trump’s tax cuts and deregulation will be short-lived. How much this media propaganda is affecting the Fed’s thinking is unknown.
While no one knows when the next recession arrives, this economy does not look like it’s anywhere near the peak. In fact, more and more forecasters are now predicting that GDP growth will be 5% or better in the second half of this year.
In any event, I think it’s too early to assume the Fed is going to raise rates more than three times next year. Add to that the fact that President Trump has already been critical of the Fed for raising rates. I think new Fed Chairman Jerome Powell would be hesitant to raise rates even more than expected in 2019, given that Trump can replace him at any time.
Fed to Keep Hiking Rates Until Something Breaks
While I don’t expect more than three rate hikes next year, the Fed does have a history of pushing rates too high and depressing the economy. Fed Chairman Jerome Powell made it clear at the Fed’s summer gathering in Jackson Hole, Wyoming last month that he is committed to the FOMC plan to raise rates at least several more times.
He also reiterated that the FOMC will continue to look to its traditional indicators for signals as to when to stop hiking interest rates. The problem is, the Fed’s economic indicators – just like the ones we all look at – are quite dated by the time they come out from the various reporting agencies.
By the time it becomes clear in the economic reports that a recession is looming, it’s usually too late for the Fed to take action that would reverse it. This is nothing new. The same is true for past times when it was appropriate for the Fed to raise interest rates to slow down the economy and head off looming inflation.
If we go back to 1913 when the Fed was created, we can find repeated examples when the Fed was late in lowering interest rates to head-off recessions, and late in raising rates to slow down the economy and avoid inflation.
Maybe this is inevitable. Truth is, the Fed doesn’t have any better information than most of us do, especially in this “digital age” where more information than ever is available. And let’s not forget that the Fed’s myriad of internal economists are no better than the ones we subscribe to.
The point I wish to make is that the Fed doesn’t make major monetary decisions until it is clear that something is wrong, or as noted in the above subtitle, something breaks. That’s usually too late but I don’t expect it to change.
Broadmark Funds Deliver Attractive, Consistent Returns
A couple months ago, I first introduced you to Broadmark Funds. You may recall that Broadmark writes short-term, first deed of trust mortgages (generally less than a year). Many of these loans are to homebuilders or builders of condominiums and/or apartments. They need this short-term financing to fund the construction of the properties they are building.
The opportunity to make these loans exists because after the financial crisis that ended in 2009, many regional banks that builders traditionally relied on for short-term lending stopped making these types of loans. Broadmark started their first Fund in August 2010 shortly after the credit crisis ended.
Broadmark’s Funds include Pyatt/Broadmark Real Estate Lending Fund I and Broadmark Real Estate Lending Fund II.
Their track record is very impressive with an average annual return of about 10% (net of fees and expenses). Better yet, their returns are amazingly consistent.
Take a look at their performance and learn more about these two Funds. (You must be an accredited investor to invest in these Funds. Past results are not necessarily indicative of future results and there is a risk of loss. See the Confidential Offering Memorandum for more details.)
You should seriously consider Pyatt/Broadmark Real Estate Lending Fund I and Broadmark Real Estate Lending Fund II for your portfolio if you are an accredited investor. Since they invest in real estate loans, they are not highly correlated to the stock market, which can be a helpful tool for diversification. Plus, with all the volatility in the markets recently, now may be a great opportunity to diversify your portfolio.
Call us at 800-348-3601 if you would like to learn more about these two Funds. You can also e-mail us for more information at email@example.com.
9/11 – Seventeenth Anniversary
It’s hard to believe 9/11 happened 17 years ago today. Our hearts and prayers go out to the families and loved ones of Americans that lost their lives in the September 11, 2001 terror attacks. Our heartfelt thanks go out to all the men and women in the military, law enforcement and first responders who put their lives in danger to keep us safe. God bless them!
All the best,
Gary D. Halbert
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